While curves in the spine are seen in many individuals, scoliosis is an extreme case where the spine appears to have an abnormal C-shape or S-shape which can damage the discs of the spine or cause other complications depending on its severity. A few of the different types of scoliosis are:
Congenital scoliosis: born with abnormally shaped vertebrae that cause the spine to grow in a curved form instead of straight. Typically diagnosed in youth aged 8 – 16 who are in the middle of their growth. Angle of the curve will gradually worsen as a person grows taller.
Idiopathic scoliosis: Caused by an unknown reason.
Neuromuscular scoliosis: due to a neuromuscular disease in a person’s youth that cause imbalance or weakness in the medial muscles of the back that surround the spine.
- Irregular hip, rib, or shoulder blade positions
- Uneven heights of shoulders or arms
- head/neck is not centered with rest of body
- Lack of balance
- Difficulty breathing
- Back pain
- Major injury
- Neuromuscular condition