The menisci are pads of tissue located in each of the knee, which function to cushion, stabilize, and reduce friction at the knee joint between the thigh and the lower leg.
Sudden trauma or excessive motion at the knee (often while the foot is planted) may cause the meniscus to tear. Meniscus tears are sometimes seen in aging populations as well due to simple degeneration.
Knee locking and catching is often a strong indicator or a meniscus tear, where the patient reports pinching pain and shows weakness in the joint.
Minor tears respond well to conservative treatment including:
- Cross fiber friction massage
- Home care: exercise programs to strengthen and stretch surrounding muscles